Storms in the Bay of Bengal account for seven of the 10 deadliest hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones in recorded history, as documented by Weather Underground. The casualty figures are notoriously difficult to pin down, but here is the list:
- Bhola cyclone, Bangladesh (East Pakistan), 1970. Death toll estimated at 150,000 to 550,000.
- Hooghly River cyclone, India and Bangladesh, 1737. Death toll: 350,000.
- Haiphong typhoon, Vietnam, 1881. Death toll: 300,000.
- Coringa cyclone, India, 1839. Death toll: 300,000.
- Backerganj cyclone, Bangladesh, 1584. Death toll: 200,000.
- Great Backerganj Cyclone, Bangladesh, 1876. Death toll: 200,000.
- Chittagong cyclone, Bangladesh, 1897. Death toll: 175,000.
- Super Typhoon Nina, China, 1975. Death toll: 171,000.
- Cyclone 02B, Bangladesh, 1991. Death toll: 140,000.
- Great Bombay Cyclone, India (from the Arabian Sea), 1882. Death toll: 100,000.